Pakhtunkhwa Times

Who Will Save Pakistan? (The Guardian)

Posted in 1 by ppfcanada on March 4, 2009

The attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore shows the folly of politicians like Imran Khan who placate the Taliban

Guardian.co.uk, Tuesday 3 March 2009, Simon Tisdall

The audacious attack on Sri Lanka’s cricket players as they travelled through Lahore has underscored fears that politically fractured, economically destitute and militarily challenged Pakistan, if not already a failed state, is heading rapidly towards the status of international outcast.

The virtual certainty that Pakistan’s days of hosting Test cricket are over for the foreseeable future is the least of the country’s problems. The attack in the heartlands of the Punjab, the army’s traditional stronghold and the most populous province, looked like a deliberate throwing down of the gauntlet to army chief of staff, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani.

It is barely six months since the democratically elected civilian government of President Asif Ali Zardari succeeded in ousting General Pervez Musharraf, a Kayani predecessor who had ruled the country for nearly a decade following a 1999 coup d’etat. But Zardari and his Pakistan People’s party (PPP) are mired in domestic controversy and appear increasingly unable to manage Pakistan’s multiplying problems.
Kayani has vowed to keep the military out of politics, a pledge he reportedly renewed during talks in Washington last week on a new, combined military and political strategy for what the Americans call “Afpak” – Afghanistan and Pakistan. But the Obama administration’s confidence in Zardari, as with the Afghan leader, Hamid Karzai, is wearing thin.

If Kayani and his fellow generals felt obliged to step in “for the good of the country”, then Washington, more concerned about defeating the Taliban and al-Qaida than preserving a democratic system that daily appears to be more and more of a travesty of itself, might well go along. After all, it wouldn’t be the first time.

Like other Pakistani commentators, author and journalist Ahmed Rashid pinned blame for the attack against the Sri Lankan team squarely on Islamist militants with whom Pakistan is fighting a spreading battle along its north-western flank. Involvement of Baluchi separtists or Tamil Tiger renegades from Sri Lanka itself was largely discounted.

There was also broad consensus about the purpose of the attack, which was widely compared, in terms of tactics and aims, to that carried out by the Punjabi group, Lashkar-e-Taiba, in Mumbai last November. “I think this is a deliberate attempt to undermine the government at the time when there is a huge political crisis in the country,” Rashid said. “They are trying to create a vacuum of power in which eventually they can take over.”

If internal chaos is the aim of the jihadis, they are being ably aided and abetted by Pakistan’s mainstream politicians. It is only a year since civilian governance returned to Islamabad, with the principal parties promising to work together.

That was then. The vicious infighting now under way between Zardari’s PPP and Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League is strongly reminiscent of the epic battles between Sharif and Zardari’s murdered wife, Benazir Bhutto, that led directly to Musharraf’s coup. If unchecked, it may not only encourage the militants; it may also open up a path to power to Pakistan’s religious parties, in alliance with or separate from Sharif.
Last week’s supreme court ruling barring Sharif, and his brother, Shahbaz, chief minister of Punjab, from elected office, was widely seen as a political putsch engineered by Zardari. His decision to sack Punjab’s government and imposed direct rule recklessly upped the ante even further. Now the Sharifs and their angry supporters are planning to lead a massive protest march on the capital on March 12.

The march will commemorate the dismissal two years ago of the chief justice, Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, who Sharif says should be reinstated. It is being organised by a lawyers movement but will also be supported by Jamaat-e-Islami, an Islamist party which wants sharia law adopted throughout Pakistan. This is an unholy alliance, even by Pakistani standards. The potential for a violent confrontation, and for a further, possibly fatal weakening of Zardari’s grip on power, is not inconsiderable.

The president’s authority is already under fierce fire on several other fronts, not least the impenetrable north-western tribal areas where Pakistani Taliban groups are variously reported to have formed an alliance to fight Nato in Afghanistan, to be in the process of reneging on a recent truce, or to be giving up the fight in agencies such as Bajur.

This confusion is typical in a region where alliances shift as quickly as the winds blowing off the Hindu Kush. But one thing is certain: the government in Islamabad is not in control of events and, more often than not, is a victim of them. For instance, Washington’s anger at the peace deal in Swat allowing the introduction of sharia law there is tempered by the expectation that, like previous agreements with the ungovernable Pashtun hill tribes stretching back to the days of the Raj, it will not stick.

The US is offering massive new infusions of economic aid, in addition to conditional military assistance, to help root out the jihadi menace. But at a time of growing febrility, there’s little doubt US pressure, increasing under Barack Obama, is also making matters worse, at least in the short term.

The rise in cross-border attacks by US forces using Predator drones armed with Hellfire missiles since Zardari took power has further alienated tribal leaders and encouraged radicalisation, Pakistani officials say. Washington argues the policy is necessary in the absence of better answers from Pakistan. Critics say Zardari has secretly sold out the country’s sovereignty in return for Obama’s support.

Pakistan’s economic troubles, compounded by a fast expanding population, chronic poverty, high unemployment, and lack of education, have added to a sense that the country is isolated and in danger of imploding. Islamabad was obliged to accept a $7.6bn emergency IMF loan package in November. It may yet need much more to stave off collapse.

Heightened tensions with India following the Mumbai attacks, friction with Afghanistan’s government over security, China’s rising alarm over its neighbour’s predicament, and international worries about the safety of Pakistan’s unregulated nuclear weapons stockpile form the wider context to this dramatic, apparently ineluctable descent.

Pakistan’s disintegration, if that is what is now being witnessed, is a tragedy of Shakespearean dimensions, a riveting spectacle, and a clear and present danger to international security. But who in the world can stop it?

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/mar/03/sri-lanka-cricket-team-attack-pakistan

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6 Responses

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  1. Anonymous said, on March 4, 2009 at 4:57 pm

    Posted BY: vakibs

    @sumant: “Clearly the intolerant aggressive and poorly educated Pashtuns prefer an austere medieval life style and should be allowed to live in that manner if they so choose.”

    You are woefully misinformed. The Pashtuns have demonstrated, time and again, that they are secular, liberal and modern in their outlook. In recent elections, they have elected the Awami National Party (which is the oldest secular and liberal party in Pakistan) with absolute majority. You should also remember that Pashtun society has the history of Khudai-khidmatgars : nonviolent freedom fighters of Bacha Khan (who was a close friend of Mahatma, and known as Frontier Gandhi) . Is there any other politician in Pakistan of the stature of Bacha Khan in the struggle for independence. (Jinnah does not even count because he was from India.) Pashtuns are a political minded people and are very amenable to democracy. In fact, they have tradition of republicanism and democracy running back 2000 years.

    If Pashtun polity is in a mess, that is purely a result of the meddling of foreign powers. Pakistani army has encouraged fundamentalist Islamists to curb growing nationalist feelings in Pukthoonkhwa. The Pak government has imprisoned Bacha Khan (along with several other nationalist leaders) for 30 long years. If we don’t see any democracy flourishing in Pakistan, that is purely a result of their own doing.

    Not to be outdone, the Americans and CIA have pumped arms and money to fundamentalists in their covert war against the soviets. Thus, absolute no-names such as Gulbuddin Hekmatyar became supreme warlords dripping with money and guns. How can any secular politician stand up against this type of meddling ?

  2. Anonymous said, on March 4, 2009 at 5:25 pm

    03/02/2009
    Pakistan – Another Drone Attack and School Bombed

    As girls in Pakistan’s Swat valley prepare to go back to school, a suicide bomber attacked a school in the southern province of Baluchistan. Masror Hausen reports.

    Four people were killed today in a suicide attack on a girl’s school. This is the first ever attack on girl’s school in the Balochistan province which shares a border with both Afghanistan and Iran. Some view this as an expansion of the Taliban’s activities into more provinces in Pakistan. This is the same province where an ethnic Baloch separatist group, the Balochistan Liberation United Front, has been holding a UN worker, John Solecki, hostage since early February. They announced today that they intend to kill Solecki in four days unless some 1000 prisoners are released from jail.

    The Chief Minister of Pakhtunkhwa province visited the war-ravaged Swat valley today where he declared that girls wearing the Islamic head-scarf would now be able to go to school.
    But teachers say parents are still afraid to send their girls out and there are not many school buildings left. The Taliban destroyed over a hundred schools in the past year to stop the Pakistan army from using them as bases.
    As a truce between the Swat Taliban and the Pakistani government seems to hold, the United States launched another drone attack in the tribal areas killing 12 people. Locals say the Taliban took away the dead bodies for burial. For Free Spech Radio News, I’m Masroor Hussain in Islamabad

  3. Anonymous said, on March 4, 2009 at 5:37 pm

    Shaky in Swat
    TheNews
    Editorial
    Tuesday, March 03, 2009
    It is no surprise at all that the truce in Swat is under threat. Indeed, we would all have been left perplexed if this had not happened. Sufi Mohammad Khan has now demanded that the Nizam-e-Adl regulation agreed upon with the provincial government now be enforced within two weeks and Qazi courts made operative. The fact that none of us really know what the peace agreement includes in the first place adds to the doubts surrounding the whole issue. The attack on a security convoy and the kidnapping of an FC commandant further highlights the futility of dealing with men who cannot be trusted. Sufi Muhammad Khan conveniently claims the attack was a ‘mistake’, but how do we know such ‘mistakes’ will not be made again? The fact is that the militants are divided; attempts are on from within their ranks to sabotage the truce and by doing so discredit Sufi Muhammad. It seems very likely that their tactics will succeed.

    The authorities need to face up to the fact that they are dealing with desperate men; judging by their actions and their words, some at least among them seem poised on the brink of insanity. Who else but the deranged would behead people and stick their heads atop poles or hold up toddlers close to the gory scenes of such killings to ensure they witness them? Reason seems pointless when used against such people. There are indications that Sufi Muhammad is under immense pressure from more hard-line militants led by his son-in-law to step up demands on the government. It is increasingly clear that the truce in Swat cannot hold. Any hope of a lasting peace that allows people to resume normal lives can come only when the militants are vanquished and their leaders punished for the crimes they have committed. Until this happens, we will see, at best, only temporary solutions in Swat while the hold of militants grows steadily stronger as a result of the failure to decisively crush them.

  4. Anonymous said, on March 4, 2009 at 5:46 pm

    Wednesday, March 4, 2009
    Wake Up Pashtuns: By: Fazli Subhan
    I was reading some comments on an article ‘Who will save Pakistan’ on guardian.co.uk, and came across some comments I have pasted below. It is not the first time I have seen such comments. And it is not such comments that hurt me, it is the suffering of Pashtuns, their genocide, and their inner fighting that hurts me a lot. The fact that Pashtuns are not united hurts me more than anything else. Pashtuns were thought to be nationalists, to love each each other, they were supposed to be Ghairati, they were supposed to fight for their freedom and their rights. And what now? They are acting as puppets, they are no more united, they do not have any more ghairat left, if there had even a little bit of honour, they would all have been united against the genocide, that is resulting in the deaths of thousands, deprivation of education for millions, and an irreparable destruction of their image in the world. I have quoted the comments on the article in their entirety in the end, but let me share my favourite lines with you here followed by my reply (my reply is an addition to a reply posted on the same website by another Pashtun ror – they should be read along with my reply):

    “Clearly the intolerant aggressive and poorly educated Pashtuns prefer an austere medieval life style and should be allowed to live in that manner if they so choose.”

    “The more liberal part of Pakistan that has shared values with India and the rest of the world should construct a secure border and restrict the entry of these anarchic tribes.”

    “That day is gone and unless the nonPashtun part of Pakistan buckles down and albeit painfully severes the cancer of Pashtun willfulness and aggression the future remains bleak.”

    “Pakistan is better off by letting the backward Pashtun’s go, they contribute nothing to the nation and are ultra conservative. Punjab and Sindh are not culturally akin to that and we are suffering blowback as a result of their misplaced understanding of religion.”

    “Let Pakistan be Sindh and Punjab, much smaller-yes, but economically no worse off, moderate, culturally and ethnically cohesive-retaining the nuclear power and nearly all the 30 million middle class”

    I have so many things to say, and with all the anger I am feeling right now, I find it hard to put them in a proper and coherent manner. But I will give it a try.

    First of all: Why are ‘These Poorly Educated Pashtuns’ aggressive and intolerant? Why do they have ‘misunderstandings of religion’? It is because your Paki military and intelligence agencies have been doing whatever they can for the last 30 years to make them so. It is because your Paki government is giving them bombs instead of books, and AK47s instead of pens. It is because your Paki government is spending all its money for the development of Punjab, but has done nothing for the development of Pukhtunkhwa and Baluchistan. It is because your Paki government is sitting like a snake on the resources of these provinces and does not give them the right to use them or even royalty which can be used for developmental purposes. It is because your Paki government is using Pakhtunkhwa as a training camp for its army in gorrilla warfare and is radicalizing the local population to have a force they can use for their own selfish means.

    You say that Punjab and Sindh would be better off, if they let go Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan? That is the height of stupidity. Where will you get electricity from? As most of it comes from Pakhtoonkhwa? How will you make your factories work? Where will you get the gas from? And without gas and electricity, you have only one option – agriculture. But what if Pakhtunkhwa reroutes all the water to southern Pakhtunkhwa for agriculture (which right now, goes almost in its entirety to Punjab and Sindh)? What will you use to grow crops? And then who will fight your wars? Have you forgotten who liberated your ‘Azad Kashmir’? The same people from these tribes fought all your wars, and even in your recent war of Kargill, the hero that emerged was a Pakhtun. Infact, if pakhtuns or Pakhtunkhwa want to prosper, they have let go of Punjab and Sindh. Once we get out of the clutches of this evil, we’ll definitely prosper. There will be peace, as there will be no more staged military operations. There will be no more financed radicalisation. There will be abundance of gas and electricity, which coupled by the proximity to a huge market – Afghanistan, will definitely attract a lot of foreign investment. The water, used for agirculture will make us more than self sufficient in food items, and we’ll be exporting the excess. All this can happen, and can become true, only if Pashtuns realise the fact that their enemy is not America of CIA, but their biggest enemy is Punjab and Pakistani establishment. Once they realise this fact, they will prosper more than you could ever have imagined for your Pakistan. But lucky for you, and unlucky for us – the Pashtuns, we are not yet united, we still fail to realise our real enemy, and we are acting as puppets in your establishment’s hands. I Pray for the day to come when all Pashtuns are united, and fight for getting their rights, rather than fighting with each other. And I hope that day will come soon enough. It will – Inshallah.

    And if u want to save your Pakistan, stop killings Pashtuns and Balochs, give them rights to use their own resources, allocate funds for their development, and stop using them as a proxy army. If u talk about terrorism, Punjab is the biggest terrorist of all… if you dont accept the genocide of Pashtuns as a fact, consider the killing of 173 in mumbai by your own punjabis (Lashkar e Tayyiba), and other doings of Jaish, Jummat e Daawa, etc.. They are all punjabis and are responsible along with ISI for the havoc in Pukhtoonkhwa and Afghanistan as well (besides India). And most importantly stop f%**ing Afghanistan.

    Link to Article:
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/mar/03/sri-lanka-cricket-team-attack-pakistan?commentpage=1

    Comments:

    Sumant:
    The likely solutions to The Pakistani problem are unfortunately a second division of Pakistan. or a loose federation. Clearly the intolerant aggressive and poorly educated Pashtuns prefer an austere medieval life style and should be allowed to live in that manner if they so choose.The more liberal part of Pakistan that has shared values with India and the rest of the world should construct a secure border and restrict the entry of these anarchic tribes. In the past these tribes raided and intruded into the heartland of India periodically and lived off the spoils. That day is gone and unless the nonPashtun part of Pakistan buckles down and albeit painfully severes the cancer of Pashtun willfulness and aggression the future remains bleak.

    ApplePie22:
    I fully agree with Sumant’s comment. I am Pakistani and am pained to see the mess my country has become. Its a combination of myopic policy making by civilian and military leaders, in particular reference to the creation of a Frankenstein of Islamic militants in Kashmir which has turned on their ‘master’, and misfortune at suffering spill over for the 3 decade long Afghan crisis.
    Pakistan is better off by letting the backward Pashtun’s go, they contribute nothing to the nation and are ultra conservative. Punjab and Sindh are not culturally akin to that and we are suffering blowback as a result of their misplaced understanding of religion.
    Let Pakistan be Sindh and Punjab, much smaller-yes, but economically no worse off, moderate, culturally and ethnically cohesive-retaining the nuclear power and nearly all the 30 million middle class.
    Sadly this is a pipedream. The administration is either unwilling or unable to deal with Islamic violence.

  5. Anonymous said, on March 7, 2009 at 3:00 am

    Daily Times
    Saturday, March 07, 2009

    The privatisation of Pakistani women —Rafia Zakaria

    Sexual crimes have been mainstays of Pakistani politics for nearly all of its sixty-one-year history and have been used to legitimise all sorts of regimes. This gives the Taliban ample room to justify yet another repugnant episode in the history of Pakistani women

    On March 5, 2009, barely a day after the attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team, the Tehreek-e Taliban Pakistan blew up the shrine of Rehman Baba, a seventeenth century Sufi poet. The bombs had been placed in the four white marble pillars of the tomb and were detonated in the early hours of the morning.

    According to the residents of the Hazarkhwani area, the shrine was blown up because the Taliban had an objection to women visiting the shrine. In its capacity to attract women out of their homes, this shrine, commemorating one of the finest poets of the Pashtu language, was considered worthy only of destruction by the Taliban.

    This latest spectacle and the reasons given for it are recent iterations of what has been a steady encroachment by the Taliban on the lives of Pakistani women. In recent days, women have been beaten for being found walking with an unrelated male, forbidden from shopping in markets and in many areas around Peshawar banned from ever appearing in public without covering their faces.

    A bare few months ago, Shabana, a famous Pashto dancer, was killed and her body left to rot in the middle of the town for days. Hundreds of schools have been burnt and tens of thousands of girls condemned to illiteracy in the wake of an insurgency that shows few signs of abating.

    Even educational institutions in cities like Multan, considered to be far from the reaches of the insurgency in the tribal areas, have, in recent days, received threats for allowing men and women to study together. Signs have been put up at restaurants in Quetta and markets in Swat prohibiting women from the premises.

    Unquestionably, as the women of the world commemorate the International Women’s Day tomorrow (March 8), the women of Pakistan have little to celebrate and even less to look forward to.

    Given this, it is crucial to recognise that the privatisation of Pakistani women and their systematic relegation to the private sphere is not an accidental by-product of the insurgency, but an integral component of it. In pushing women out of society, out of jobs, and out of educational institutions, the Taliban are attempting to redefine the public and private spheres in a way that gives tangible vision to their counter-modern world.

    The possibility of women entering the working world, the popularity of dual-income families with consumer habits born of globalisation and the encroachment of Western ideas are precisely the reference points against which this counter-modernity is constructed.

    In being the modern world’s visible opposite, this vision seeks to eliminate women completely; it strives thus to eradicate women’s power — through education and financial emancipation — to erode the patriarchal structures the Taliban see as authentically Islamic.

    Part of the dynamic paving the Taliban’s way is that it is the potential advent rather than the presence of women in the public sphere that is the target of the onslaught. Pakistani women, especially those most vulnerable to the Taliban’s excesses living in areas like Mohmand, Swat and the outlying villages of Peshawar, do not currently have an entrenched place in the public sphere. Emerging from a tribal and religiously conservative background, these women have been largely excluded from the urban-middle class NGO discourses that have been the feeble (albeit often valiant) representations of Pakistani feminism thus far. The abridgement of their freedoms, the banning of these women from markets in Mingora and schools in Swat thus represents not the taking away of existing freedoms but thwarting the possibilities of future ones.

    In doing so, they perpetuate the particular tragedy of quashing efforts to increase women’s autonomy and emergence from male-dominated structures even before women can claim public space.

    Eliminating the freedom of women already bearing the yoke of tribal strictures also provided the Taliban with another political opportunity. While the majority of their practices involve the repression of women, the forbidding of certain tribal mores as against Islamic traditions permits an edification of their cause as a sort of Islamic modernity similar to the practices of the early Muslims in pre-Islamic Arabia.

    Practices like honour-killing, karo-kari, siyah kari and the marriages of women to the Quran provide plenty of room to invest the Taliban with a sort of medieval charisma imbued with religious righteousness. For the Taliban, this game is an old one, as Professor Juan Cole has pointed out in his article, The Taliban, Women and the Private Sphere; the group followed exactly the same pattern in Afghanistan where Mullah Omar forbade the practice of forcibly marrying widows off to anyone in the tribe.

    In addition, the redefinition of public and private and the accompanying pushing back of women into the domestic sphere plays into the moral confusions of Pakistanis already unsure of the cultural implications of globalisation. In a society where the situation of women is deplorable, where thousands of women are killed in the name of honour, where rapists are rarely if ever prosecuted and the testimony of a woman is at times only considered half that of a man, a revolt against the increasing repression of the Taliban is unlikely.

    Sexual crimes like adultery and fornication and the moral regulation of women have been mainstays of Pakistani politics for nearly all of its sixty-one-year history and have been used to legitimise all sorts of regimes. This particular history thus gives the Taliban ample room to justify yet another repugnant episode in the history of Pakistani women.

    When the Taliban marched into Kabul, they ordered all women to wear burqas that covered them from head to toe and the windows of homes blackened so that women would not be seen from the street. They were forbidden from seeing doctors and from attending school and they could no longer leave their homes without a related male accompanying them.

    A few years ago, such a scenario seemed unimaginable in the cities of Pakistan. But with each passing day, each new attack and each unchallenged edict from Mullah Radio, it seems that it may not be as implausible a scenario as Pakistani women had once imagined it to be.

    Rafia Zakaria is an attorney living in the United States where she teaches courses on Constitutional Law and Political Philosophy. She can be contacted at rafia.zakaria@gmail.com

  6. Anonymous said, on March 18, 2009 at 2:56 am

    Global Politician

    Pakistan is not a governable country

    Reza Hossein Borr – 3/18/2009

    Pakistan is not a governable country. Every kind of ruler has tried that. Politicians failed in governing Pakistan. Military men failed to govern Pakistan effectively and properly. All of Pakistan’s leaders have either been killed or ended in a disgraceful manner. Different systems have been tried. All of them have failed. Pakistan People’s Party have introduced socialist policies and failed. Other rulers of Pakistan introduced capitalist systems and failed too.

    There are a few fundamental elements in this country which do not allow any political system, any politician or military strongman to govern Pakistan. Geographical composition, historical background, religious system, economic discrimination, social and cultural structures, political characterization and ingredients have prevented the smooth governance of the country and they will be insurmountable in future. The reason is the reason for the creation of Pakistan which is a religious one.

    Geographically and historically the present lands that constitute Pakistan have never been part of a united country. The people are completely different and they do not get integrated into one social structure. Religion was not a compelling reason for peoples who were almost all secular with their own developed culture and traditions. When the country became more religious, the people had already been fragmented in irreconcilable units. Economic discrimination that began from the first days of the creation of the country disappointed all proportions of the people who made up Pakistan. Everybody was for himself and therefore, there was not a shared sense of destination or shared rewards. Political organization was set up even in a worse foundation. It was supposed to be a Confederation, but immediately after the independence, struggle for transforming it into a unitary system began and therefore aborted every effort for the creation of the Confederation.

    The Baluch people and Khan of Kalat began their campaign from that time to preserve the idea of Confederation but since the establishment did not honor their agreements with the leaders of Baluchistan for Confederation, some leaders of Baluchistan found themselves in association with certain leaders who did not keep their own promises and therefore, they began to look for independence. The honoring and breach of a promise has been a fundamental value of the Baluch people.

    Cultural foundation of the country began on the making of Urdu language, the official language of the country which alienated the people of four participating nations in the formation of Pakistan. Nobody knew Urdu in Sindh, NWFP, and Balochistan and therefore the people of three states suddenly became illiterate and deprived from all privileges of administration. Their languages were smashed, their qualifications ignored and all the jobs went to those who spoke Urdu.

    Hostilities began from every side and the army tried to oppress all of them. The only institution that remained loyal to the mission of one country was the army and the army did its best to shatter the hopes of the people for integrating into one nation.

    Today we are the witness to the failure of a country that was led by those who did not have any emotional commitment to its prosperity. Military and civilian rulers proved that their first loyalty was to their own individual interests and then, to their own tribe or province; ignoring the national interests of the country that they were ruling. From the first ruler to the last one in Pakistan, nobody had a correct understanding of the challenges of Pakistan and how to resolve them. The result is a country that is ungovernable. Every day that goes forward we see that everything for everybody deteriorates and therefore, those in charge help more in deterioration rather than in salvation. The future is bleak. If anybody had any hope for Pakistan in any point in history they have been tarnished by those who only ruled it and pursued their own narrow interests which were in contrast with the interests of those that constituted Pakistan.

    No nation has been more effectual in the disintegration of its people than of Pakistan. Pakistan is the only country in the world which is likely to be broken up by the corruption and inefficiencies of its own leaders. Today no one blames Bangladesh for going its own way as the excessive oppressions and massacres caused its separation. Tomorrow nobody will blame Baluchistan or other parts of Pakistan for separating themselves from a sick country that its doctors tried to kill it step-by-step.

    Reza Hossein Borr is a leadership consultant and the creator of 150 CDs and 14 Change management models. He is also the author of Manual Success, Manual of Coaching and Mentoring, Motivational Stories that Can Change Your Life, and a New Vision for the Islamic World. He can be contacted by email: balochfront@aol.com


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